Enteral Feeding

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Who require Enteral Feeding?

Enteral feeding is recommended for the following people: 

  • Patients who are unable to consume food via the mouth. For example, people in an unconscious or semiconscious state. 

  • Patients with severe pancreatitis, without pseudocyst or fistula complication. 

  • Patients who refuse food. For example, individuals with psychosis. 

  • Postoperative patients with limited oral intake. 

  • Patients whose mouth or oesophagus conditions make swallowing difficult or impossible. For example, surgery of the mouth, fracture of the jaw, paralysis of face and throat, etc. 

  • Patients who are too weak to swallow food. 

  • Patients who cannot take a large amount of food orally due to conditions like severe burns, acute and chronic infections, malnutrition, terminal malignancy, and prematurity. 

  • Patients with the inability to retain food due to anorexia nervosa and vomiting. 

  • Critically ill patients.

Advantages of Tube Feeding

  • All the necessary nutrients and medications can be supplied in the right amount to the patients. 

  • Large amounts of fluid can be given easily with safety. 

  • Stomach may be aspirated whenever required. 

  • Drip method can be used to prevent stomach overloading. 

  • Dangers of parenteral feeding can be avoided. 

  • May be continued for weeks without any harm to the patients.