Patient Protection

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Fall Prevention

Fall prevention refers to the basic idea of preventing a person from falling while moving around the house or the workplace. It is for people who have mobility issues, motor disabilities, or have undergone surgery. People with vertigo issues, gait problems, and balance issues are also recommended to use fall prevention aids.

Types of Fall Prevention Aids

  • Fall Prevention Mats - They are placed near the bed and have pressure sensors that sound off as the pressure changes, indicating someone fell on the mat 

  • Grab bars and Rails - They are similar to bathroom grab bars and rails, but can be installed around the house to support the person while moving around the house 

  • Shower Mats and Bathing Steps - Installed in the bathroom, they prevent slipping or falling in the bathroom 

  • Head Protection - Head protection includes, helmets, head supports, and chin guards 

  • Hip Protection - Items that protect and support the hip include men’s briefs, women’s briefs, shorts, and pants 

  • Feet Protection - Anti-slip socks and slippers are common among feet protection. This also includes show covers and shoes that are fall resistant

Safety Alarms and Sensors

Started almost a millennium ago, safety alarms and sensors have been the foremost indicators of an emergency. In the medical world, safety alarms and sensors have an important place in patient protection. Safety alarms and sensors work in a simple way by sounding off a siren as and when the trigger is activated.

Types of Safety Alarms and Sensors

  • Wireless or Infrared Alarms - An infrared beam shoots out of the alarm, which when interrupted, is triggered, thus sounding the alarm. Wireless alarms are also kept at the bedside to call for help when the caregiver is away 

  • Pressure Sensitive Alarms - They are usually integrated with fall mats and pressure sensitive pads kept on wheelchairs. These alarms are activated as and when the pressure changes 

  • Seat-belt Alarms - Used in wheelchairs and cars, these alarms are activated when the seat belt is loose or is unfastened 

  • Patient-Worn Alarms - Fastened onto a wheelchair or on the waist of the patient, these alarms have a button, which when pressed, sounds for help. It is for patients to signal the caregiver that they’re either in need of something or face a danger

Patient Restraints

Patient restraints are items that restrain the movement of the patient to avoid any situation where the patient might hurt themselves or the caregiver. Many medical conditions cause the patient to lose control over themselves for a short period of time, during which they might cause harm to themselves or the caregiver. These restraints prevent the patient from doing so.

Types of Patient Restraints

  • Limb Restraints - They prevent the movement of either the legs or the hands, thus preventing any interference from the patient during the treatment process 

  • Belt Restraints - The restrict the movement of the patient by securing them to a bed or a chair, thus avoiding any harm or injuries 

  • Hand Mitt Restraints - Gloves like items that prevent the person from harming themselves. Made of fibrous material, they are soft and comfortable to use 

  • Seating Restraints - These restraints secure the patient into a seating position thus preventing them from standing up or falling from the wheelchair 

  • Jackets and Vest Restraints - These restraints completely immobilize the upper body of the patients and are a necessary aid in many treatment methods and medical conditions 

  • Restraint Alternatives - Includes full body restraints, they do not secure a part of the body, but restrain the entire body from moving. Usually used for people undergoing vital surgery or burn treatment

Patient Room Safety

Patient room safety is a minor but important aspect of patient protection. This includes the use of fall warning signs, lighting accessories, and patient warning signs. It provides an additional layer of security and safety to the patient.